Biography

Gabriele Simoncini received a Ph.D. in History/Political Science from COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York in 1991 with Professor Joseph Rothschild, preceded by the Laurea Degree summa cum laude in Philosophy from the UNIVERSITY OF PISA.  He completed his post-doctoral specialization at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, California.


In the past, he has been a researcher for a year at the FREIE UNIVERSITÄT Berlin, and for four years at the UNIVERSITY OF WARSAW.  After receiving his education in the classics, philosophy and languages, he studied and worked extensively in Eastern and Western Europe, doing research in archives and institutions of several countries including the Vatican, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, France, Poland, and Russia.  He acquired a knowledge of several Eastern and Western European languages, which he uses for his research. 


The awards he received include the Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from the Hoover Institution, the President’s Fellowship from Columbia University for four years, and Research Fellowships from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for four years.  While at Columbia University he served as Coordinator for the Center for International Scholarly Exchange.


Professor Simoncini conducts research in Contemporary Eastern European History and Politics. His past interests have included political ideology, Communism, Poland, and Eastern Europe.  Currently his research and editing activities address globalization, and global education.


His publications include: Ethnopolitics in PolandThe Communist Party of Poland;  and articles on ideology and ethnopolitics.  Reviews of his publications, defined as pioneering, appeared in American and European journals including the Polish ReviewNationalities Papers, American Reference Book Annual, and Przegląd Historyczny


From 1991 to 1999, he was coordinating editor of the "Special Topic Issues Series" of the journal "Nationalities Papers", published by the Association for the Study of Nationalities in New York.  He served as member of the editorial board of "South East European Monitor", published in Vienna.  He is currently member of the editorial board of scholarly journals including "MIND Journal", and "POLONIA Journal", published in Poland.


In the U.S. he taught at Columbia University, Barnard College, New York University, St. John’s University, Pace University, and the City University of New York.  His teaching experience includes graduate and undergraduate courses in history and politics on Eastern and Western Europe, Ethnopolitics, Integration, and Western Civilization.


Professor Simoncini participates in academic and professional activities and presents papers at international conferences and institutions.  He is member of several associations including: Italian Association of Consulting Companies for Research, Innovation and Development, American Political Science Association, American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Polish Studies Association, Italian Association for Ukrainian Studies, Italian Association of Slavists.  Recently he published articles on global and private higher education. 


He lives in Tuscany since 2000.  His consulting activities cover the fields of international education and exchange, institutional and corporate optimization and fund raising.  He has consulted for Mosaic Press in Vienna and SMF International Consulting in Milan.  In U.S.A. he consulted for public institutions and private business including the Metropolitan Museum of Arts and Bankers Trust  in New York.  Currently he operates with GENF International Consulting (www.genf.it) in the fields of knowledge management, internationalization, global education, delocalization, and brand management.  He consults for universities, public institutions, foundations, banks, and private business in Italy, U.S.A., Poland, and Eastern Europe.


In professional areas has taught and teaches courses in management, at executive training schools in Italy including Telecom Learning Services, and Istituto Formazione Operatori Aziendali Florence.


Professor Simoncini has taught courses in political science, international affairs, globalization, and security, at universities in Italy including University of RomeScuola Superiore S.Anna of Advanced Studies Pisa, CEA/University of New Haven Rome and Florence, N.A.T.O. Defense College Rome, Military Academy Scuola Ufficiali Carabinieri Rome.  In Europe he has taught and consulted for private universities including Lazarski University Warsaw, KAAFM University Cracow, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University ISUM in Macedonia.  He teaches political science at Richmond University London-Rome, and John Cabot University Rome.



Academic courses for credits

Current Courses

Auschwitz - Politics of Genocide
Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Globalization: a European Perspective
Western European Politics
Security Studies
Italian Politics and Society
The Modern World Since 1550
History of the Italian Mafia
Introduction to Political Theory
Comparative Politics
Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Integration in Europe
Comparative Religions in Global Context
The Jewish Experience in Rome
Living Italy Florence

Courses

Eastern European Politics and Societies
Modern Political Theory
International Affairs
The Politics of Ethnicity and Identity
Modern Europe - The Age of Nationalism
Human Rights
Human Rights Universal Principles in World Politics
Italian Society from Fascism to Present
Global Human Rights Instruments
International Affairs since 1945
History of the Soviet Union
The Politics of Genocide
Modern Europe - the Age of Imperialism
Modern Europe - Europe since 1945
Social History of the Mafia
Political Change in Italian History
Italy from the Congress of Vienna to WWI
Language, Identity, and Integration in Italy
Living Italy
History of Italian Cinema
Contemporary Italian Politics

Other Courses
- International Cultural Relations
- Human Geography
- Ethnopolitics, Ethnic Networks, and Global Risks
- European Intellectual History
- Federalism and Decentralization in Europe

- Polyethnic Rome: Global Integration in Progress *
         (* this course is also taught in Italian )
- Paths of European Integration:  Poland and Italy *
         (* this course is also taught in Polish )


Professional Training Courses
- Introduction to Management                          
- Main Management Concepts
- Organizational Behavior
- Introduction to Marketing
- Consumer Behavior
- Brand Management
- Business Ethics
- Introduction to Entrepreneurship
- Italian Business Models
- Cultural Anthropology
- Intercultural Communications
- Political Communication
- Public Relations
- Research Methodology 
- Gestione valori intangibili e know how
- Internazionalizzazione dell’ intangibile
- Innovazione e gestione in contesto globale
- Gestione negozio settore bancario
- Creazione ed avvio della piccola impresa
- Management della microimpresa
- Formazione e-work
- Opportunità e sviluppo di nuove imprese in telelavoro
- Formazione e-learning
- Qualità in impresa ricettiva
- Orientamento al mercato della piccola e media impresa
- Internet marketing
- Guida al percorso formativo
- Gestione del tempo e miglioramento personale
- Introduzione al management.



Students

STUDENTS EVALUATIONS   (Selection)

All students evaluations are available upon request

GRADUATE STUDENTS Ph.D. DISSERTATIONS   (Selection)
- Nomine ecclesiastiche e atteggiamento del clero come oggetto delle relazioni tra la Santa Sede e il Regno d’Italia sotto il pontificato di Pio XI (1922-1939).  By:  J. K.
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.
GENEVA, Switzerland


STUDENTS THESES   (Selection)
- The Supranationalization of Immigration and Asylum Policy in the European Union.  By: T. H.
Current Trends in Managing Italian Higher Education.  By F. N.
The Reasons behind the Break-up of Yugoslavia.  By:  J. P.
The European Union Foreign Policy and Security and Defense Policy.  By:  A. T.

- The Italian Crisis: Role of the Monti Government.  By:  E. B.
The Education System and Private Higher Education in Bulgaria.  By:  E. P.

Croatia Entering European Union: The Accession Negotiation Towards the Full Membership.  By:  M. G.
Finding the Middle Way.  A Socio-Anthropological Look into the Creation and Ascension of the Swedish Social Democratic Party.  By:  J. S.

- The Role of Islam in the World’s Largest Muslim State:  Indonesia and Islamic Fundamentalism.  By:  M. B.
- The Nature of the Massacres in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia during the Years 1943-1944.  By:  K. M.
- The EU Legal Framework on Asylum and Immigration and the Italian Lack of Compliance with the EU Dictates.  By:  F. M.


TESTIMONIALS BY STUDENTS
(See the FIELD TRIPS session)


Photo


Guest Speakers


Conferences/Panels (selection)

2017     Education without Borders - European Priorities in Education.
             Education without Borders: Higher Education Globalized. 
              XXVII ECOMOMIC FORUM.  Krynica. 
2016    Organization and Innvation in Property Managemet.
             Re-Innovation Conference. Camera dei Deputati.  Rome
2016     The Importance of Higher Education in the Formation of the Future Europe.
              XXVI ECOMOMIC FORUM.  Krynica.  
2016    Understanding Contemporary Italian Culture.
              BRADLEY UNIVERSITY Conference. Rome.
2015     Innovation in Knowledge Transfer and Higher Education 
              XXV ECOMOMIC FORUM.  Krynica.  
2015     Introduction to Reinventing the Market.
              SINTEG National Convention.  Florence.
2015     Managing Knowledge Transfer.
              LISIAI - EMMECI Conference.  Venice.
2014      Knowledge Transfer: Intangible and Global.
              MADE Conference.  Milano.
2014     Educational Experiences and Experience-Education.
             Active, Independent Modes of Engagement and Research.
              RICHMOND UNIVERSITY Conference. Rome.
2014      Human Capital Managemet and Development in Transnational Education.
              SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY Conference.  Florence.


2013       Higher Education in European and Global Context.
               VIII International Scientific Conference, 
               Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.  Kiew.
2013      Knowledge Transfer from Local to Global.
               XXII ECOMOMIC FORUM.  Krynica.
2013      Higher Education from Local to Global.
               XIII International Conference.  KAAFM University.  Krakow.
2012      Higher Education from Local to Global.
               III International Conference. 
               University of Economics and Humanities.  Bielsko Biala.
2012      Soutenance de Thèse.
              Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.
              Geneva.
2012      Higher Education Mobility in Global Context.         
               XII International Conference.  KAAFM University.  Krakow.
2011      Mobility as a Tool for Institutional Development
               and Transfer of Innovation to Education.
               Presidency of  the (Education) Council of the European Union. 
               European Conference.  Sopot.
2011      Security, Politics, and Higher Education in Global Context.
               XI International Conference.  KAAFM University.  Krakow.


2010      Global Education in Contemporary World.
              International Conference.  KAAFM University, Krakow.
2010     The Fortune of the Gypsies.
              National Conference.  Opera Nomadi  NGO, Rome.
2010     The Future of Territorial Associations.
              National Annual Organizational Conference.  Confedilizia. Rome.
2010     Communication and Social Networks in the Era of Intellectual Capitalism.
              Conference SINTEG. L’Aquila.
2009     Management of Corporate Property for Education.
              Conference.  Pratese Industrialists Union.  Prato. 
2009     The International Economic and Financial Crisis.
               XIX ECOMOMIC FORUM, Krynica. 
2009      Central Europe – Eastern Europe: A New Iron Curtain?
               XIX ECOMOMIC FORUM, Krynica.
2009      New Scenarios in International  Property Managements.
               Conference SINTEG.  Catanzaro.
2009      Trends of Global Education.
               International Conference.  KAAFM University, Krakow.
2009      Academic Teaching about Rom (Gypsy) Culture.
               Conference.  Regione Lazio,  Rome.
2008      Innovation and property management.
               Conference.  SINTEG, Rome.
2008      Current Realities of the Roma People in Italy.
               Conference.  Summer School, Ohrid.
2008      Eastern Europe from Communism to Democracy.
               Conference.  John Cabot University, Rome.
2007      Global Education in the Era of Globalization.
               International Conference. 
               Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski UNIVERSTY, Krakow.
2007      International Education in Rome.
               TEK International Education Meeting.  Krakow.
2006      The Culture and the Market of Global Education.
               International Seminar.  Lazarski University, Warsaw.
2006      Global Private Education.                
               Sixth International Academic Conference. 
                Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski UNIVERSITY, Krakow.
2006      The “Born Global” University.
               TEK International Education Meeting.  Krakow.


 2005       Delocalizing International Universities in Tuscany.
               Conference.  Arcidosso.
 2004      Education with a Global Perspective. 
               Fourteenth Annual International Conference
               American Association of University Administrators.
 2004      Migration and Identity in Europe: the Case of Italy.
               International  Conference.  John Cabot University, Rome. 
 2004      Identity, Ethnicity and the Polyethnic State.
               International Conference.  John Cabot University, Rome.
 2003      A New Cultural Presence.
               International Conference.  Columbia University & ENEL, Larderello.
 2003      International Professional Integration in Europe. 
               Conference.  International  School of Graduate Studies, Volterra.
 2002      Professional Integration: from Asia to Italy. 
              Conference.  International  School of Graduate Studies, Volterra.
 2002      International Graduate Schools in Europe.
              Conference.  International  School of Graduate Studies, Volterra.
 2001      International Education and Experience Education.
               Conference.  International School of Graduate Studies, Volterra.
 2001      Il ponte delle idee.  La Scuola Internazionale di Alta Formazione. 
               Conference.  American Chamber of Commerce.
               European University Institute, Florence.


 2000    Culture maggioritarie e culture minoritarie: incontri e scontri. 
               Conference, University of Venice. Venice.
 1998      Frontières et changements de “l’espace nationale”
               dans l’ istoire de l’ Europe du Centre-Est.
               UNESCO Conference, University of Lublin, Lublin.



Consulting


Publications

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS (Selection)
Full text of publications also in:  www.researchgate.net

Articles
- G. Simoncini, "Global Mind Constructing" MIND Journal No. 3, 2017.
- G. Simoncini, "Globalizing Higher EducationMIND Journal No. 3, 2017.
- G. Simoncini, M. Kneller, “Higher Education: the Challenge to Link Global and Local. In: Makiela Z. (ed.), Innowacje i procesie zarzadania regionem.  KTE- KAAFM University Press,  Krakow, 2014.
- G. Simoncini, O. Kovtun, "Basic Principles of Teaching Aviation English. In: The Sixth World Congress "Aviation in the XXI-st Century". ICAO, NAU, MESU, National  Academy of Science of Uraine, Kiev, 2014.
- G. Simoncini, “Mobility and Current Trends in Global Education.” In: Mendel M., Atlas A., (eds.), Mobility as a Tool to Acquire and Develop Competences from Childhood to Seniority. Foundation for the Development of the Education System. Warsaw, 2012.
- G. Simoncini, “Trends in Global Higher Education.” In: Aksman J., Pulki J. (eds.), Konteksty wychowania i edukacji.  KAAFM University Press. Krakow, 2012.  
- G. Simoncini, “Security, Politics, and Higher Education in Global Context.”  In:  XI International Academic Conference. KAAFM University Press.  [Forthcoming].
- G. Simoncini, Mobilność i aktualne trendy w edukacji na swiecie.”  In: Mendel M., Atlas A., (eds.), Mobilność sposobem zdobywania i rozwijania kompetencji – od juniora do seniora. Fundacja Rozwoju Systemu Edukacji. Warszawa, 2012.
- G. Simoncini, “Global Private Education.” In:  Bednarczyk B., Lason M. (eds.), Contemporary Determinants of International Relations.  WSiFM. Krakow, 2006.
- G. Simoncini, “A New Cultural Presence.” In: Baratloo M., et al. (eds), Geothermal Larderello: Tuscany, Italy.  New Urbanisms / Columbia University. Princeton, 2005.
- G. Simoncini, “Politiche etniche minoritarie e maggioritarie nella Polonia del XX secolo.” Letterature di Frontiera, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2001.
- G. Simoncini, “Monoethnic Poland views Polyethnic Poland.”  Nationalities Papers, [in progress/forthcoming].
- G. Simoncini, “National Minorities of Poland at the end of the Twentieth Century.” The Polish Review. Vol. 43, No. 2, 1998.
- G. Simoncini, “Factionalism, Soviet Interference, and the Beginning of Stalin’s Manipulation in the Communist Party of Poland.”  South East European Monitor, No. 3, 1995.
- G. Simoncini, “Ethnic and Social Diversity in the Membership of the Communist Party of Poland: 1918-1938.” Nationalities Papers, Special Issue, Vol. XXII, No. 1, 1994.
- G. Simoncini, “The Polyethnic State: National Minorities in Interbellum Poland.”  Nationalities Papers, Special Issue, Vol. XXII, No. 1, 1994.


Books
- G. Simoncini, European Ethnopolitics:  Nationhood, and National Identities in Eastern Europe.  [in progress].

- G. Simoncini, The Communist Party of Poland: 1918-1929.  A Study in Political IdeologyMellen Press. Lewiston, New York; Queenston, Canada; Lampeter, United Kingdom, 1993.  pp. II-270.

          Reviewed in:
          - Raymond Taras, The Polish Review.  Vol. 42, No. 2, 1997.
          - Edislav Manetovic, Nationalities Papers.  Vol. 24, No. 2, 1996
          - Andrzej Garlicki, Przegląd Historyczny.  Vol. 86, No. 2, 1995.

- G. Simoncini, Revolutionary Organizations and Revolutionaries in Interbellum Poland.  Mellen Press.  Lewiston, New York; Queenston, Canada; Lampeter, United Kingdom, 1992.  pp. XI-278.      

        Reviewed in:
        - Andrzej Garlicki, Przegląd Historyczny.  No.  2, 1995.
        - George S. Bobinski, American Reference Books Annual.  Vol. 24, 1993.


Papers/Studies
- G. Simoncini, “Ethnic and Social Diversity in the Membership of the Communist Party of Poland: 1918-1938.”  WPS in International Studies.  I-92-13. Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 1992.


Edited Volumes
- G. Simoncini, (editor)  "Global Mind Constructing" MIND Journal No. 3, 2017. 

- G. Simoncini, H. Huttenbach, (editors), “Ethnopolitics in Poland.”  Nationalities Papers, Special IssueVol. XXII, No. 1, 1994. 
          Reviewed in:        
                          - Jerzy Tomaszewski, Słowo Żydowskie, No. 21(73), 1994.
                          - Israel Figa, Unser Tsait, No. 6, 1995.


Coordination of Edited Volumes - Nationalities Papers 
Special Topic Issues Series
-  "Peoples from the North"  (1999)
-  "Focus on Kazakhstan: History, Ethnicity, Society"  (1998)
-  "Central and East European Linguistic Minorities under Transition"  (1998)
-  "The Disintegration of Yugoslavia: Inevitable or Avoidable?" (1997)
-  "The Nexus of Gender and Ethnicity"  (1997)
-  "Hungary and the Hungarian Minorities"  (1996)
-  "Czech - Sudeten German Relations"  (1996)
- "Implementing Language Law: Perestroika and Its Legacy in Five Republics"  (1995)
-  "Visions and Policies: Estonia’s Path to Independence and Beyond"  (1995
-  "Ethnopolitics in Poland"  (1994)
-  "Voices from the Slovene Nation"  (1993)
-  "The Ex-Soviet Nationalities without Gorbachev"  (1992)
-  "Religious Consciousness in the Glasnost Era"  (1992)
-  "The Gypsies in Easter Europe"  (1991)





Teaching & Research

Columbia University
Barnard College
New York University
Pace University
St. John's University
John Jay College of Criminal Justice CUNY
City Collegge CUNY
Richmond University London
N.A.T.O. Defence College
John Cabot University
CEA University of New Haven
KAAFM University Cracow
University of Rome
Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Advanced Studies Pisa
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University Ochrid
Military Academy Scuola Ufficiali Carabinieri Roma
University of St. Thomas





Education

1992  STANFORD UNIVERSITYStanford, California
HOOVER INSTITUTION ON WAR, REVOLUTION AND PEACE
Post-Doctoral Fellowship Title VIII.  Political Science


1991  COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY,  New York City
Ph.D.  in History.  Dissertation in Political Ideology


1990  COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY,  New York City
INSTITUTE OF EAST CENTRAL EUROPE
Certificate


1986  COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY,  New York City
M.Phil.  Master of Philosophy
(Grade: Excellent)


1982  UNIVERSITY OF PISA,  Pisa, Italy
B.A. (Laurea) in Philosophy
(Grade: Summa cum Laude)



Academic Field Trips

Field Trips EUROPE

Field Trips

Rome

"Carabinieri Military Academy"
Roma

"Gypsy Camp"

The Rom Community
Rome

"The Jewish Ghetto"
Rome

"The Court of Appeal"
Rome

"Risorgimento Museum"
Rome

"PDL Party Headquarters"
Rome

"FI Party Headquarters"
Rome

"Jewish Catacombs"

Field Trips Others

Volterra

"High Security State Prison"
Siena

The "Contrada" Civic Society


Library / Archives

R.A.G.S. (Raccolta Archivio Gabriele Simoncini) Library and Archives

R.A.G.S. is a private collection of books, periodicals, and archival materials covering modern Eastern Europe / Russia, and focusing on modern Poland. A small section addresses modern Italy and Western Europe. Fields represented are: history, politics, philosophy, ideologies, labor movements, ethnicities, and national minorities. The collection is mostly in English and Polish languages, with a large section in Italian. There are materials in German, French, Russian,Yiddish, and other Eastern European languages.


The Library (about 10,000 volumes) covers primarily Poland and Eastern Europe / Russia from the early 1800s to the present. The volumes are primarily in English and Polish, secondarily in Italian, with volumes in French, German, Yiddish and other Slavic languages. Most books, whether specialized monographs or of general subjects, have been published in the last sixty years. The library includes a substantial international section of reference and bibliography. A conspicuous section covers modern Western Europe and Italy in the fields of history, philosophy, and politics.


The Archive (about 5,000 items, 10 linear meters - original documents, manuscripts, microfilms, xerox copies, photocopies, clips, and photographs) is primarily in Polish with two large sections in English and Italian.  It contains documents (from Polish and international sources) on modern Poland, from the eginning of the twentieth century to the present, with two major foci: interbellum Poland and late Communist-post Communist Poland. A minor section in Italian covers Italy, mostly contemporary politics.


The Periodical Collection (over 50 periodical serials, out-of-print and current, several complete serials) contains mostly historical and political periodicals and journals.  It lists among others,  in English: Slavic Review 1962-1997; Nationalities Papers 1976-1997; Soviet Studies 1973-1975; The Russian Review 1975-1981; The Polish Review 1956-1997;  in Polish: Niepodlegŀość 1929-1939; Czerwony Sztandar 1918-1938; Niepodlegŀość Nowy Jork - Londyn 1972-1996; Z Pola Walki (Moskwa) 1926-1934; Z Pola Walki (Warszawa) 1956-1990; Gŀos Ludu 1948; Po Prostu 1956-1957; Rada Robotnicza 1957-1961; Życie Gospodarcze 1956-1960; Wojskowy Przegląd Historyczny 1956-1986; Najnowsze Dzieje Polski 1958-1968; Dzieje Najnowsze 1969-1983; Kultura Paryż 1979-1982; Nowe Drogi 1947-1990; Solidarność 1981; Biuletyn Żydowskiego Institutu Historycznego w Polsce 1950-1990;  in Russian: Novii Satirikon 1917; Biulletin Oppositsii 1929-1940.


The collection has an alphabetic and subject catalog (cards 7 x 10 cm) of most books in Polish, and an electronic searchable catalog of most books in English. Electronic general cataloging is in progress. 




Art 4 Friends


Art 4 Friends


Contact

Gabriele Simoncini
GENF International Consulting
Via Salceto 89 A
53036 Poggibonsi  (Florence)
ITALY
Tel +39 058 888 421


Mobile:   + 39 340 581 7820

Email:   gabriele.simoncini@genf.it


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Testimonials


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Gallery


Description

This course covers Eastern European politics and societies from the eginning of the XX century to the contemporary time. A historical introduction to the period will be provided. The nations of Eastern Europe will be studied from two points-of-view: development within the single nation, interactions with other countries. Economic, social, and cultural aspects will be treated. The analysis of the post Communist era and current events will conclude the course. Special emphasis will be given to the issues of ethnicity and national minorities. Class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers the development of terrorism and counterterrorism from the early times to present.  Attention is given to the various articulations of terrorism including political, ethnic, separatist, religious, and state terrorism.  The debate over “new” vs. “old” typologies of terrorism is reviewed. Terrorism is analyzed as a political phenomenon in contrast to different forms of political violence including insurgency, guerrilla warfare, civil war, ethnic cleansing, unconventional warfare, and crime.  The challenges of terrorism to a free society are discussed in relation to globalization realities.  Major political, scholarly, and religious interpretations of terrorism’s different eras and phenomena are considered.  Counterterrorism and its articulations including “War on Terror” are the conclusive subjects of the program.  The class format includes lectures, discussion, teamwork, presentations, and audiovisual materials.  Students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology.  Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

This interdisciplinary course addresses the important and complex phenomenon of contemporary globalization. The political, social, economic and cultural aspects are explored from a specifically European perspective. Core themes of globalization debates, such as convergence, nationalism and inequalities as well as a range of global actors, agents and institutions are critically engaged with.  This course has a lecture/seminar format. Lectures will introduce the main topic and, with the support of slides, synthesize concepts, paradigms, theories and examples taken from the readings carried out by the students in advance of the class. Students will carry out in-class tasks (individually or in groups) and report on them. Experiential work will be used to elaborate concepts raised throughout the course.


Gallery


Description

This course covers the concepts and the theories of modern political theory. The course analyses the main theoretical schools of political thought and ideologies. The course provides an examination of the ideas associated with modern ideologies including liberalism, nationalism, socialism, and others. Attention will be paid to the historical development of political theories. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

Ethnopolitics has been crucial in shaping politics and societies in recent time. It is frequently at the heart of disputes of international importance. The course covers different forms of identity politics including ethnopolitics, ethnic cleansing, and genocide, as manifested in the 20th and 21st centuries. We consider the politics of identity within the historical perspective, and also set in the international context. The program covers the Nazi and Communist genocides, European ethnic cleansing, and genocide including the cases of Armenia, Balkans, Ukraine, the Roma, Cambodia, Rwanda, and the Darfur region. Other specific current case studies of genocide may be analysed. Conceptualizations, theories, and the scholarly debate related to genocide as a political phenomenon are covered in a comparative way. Investigation of genocide across regions and time periods will be combined with the review of the debate about genocide’s definition, its development in these two centuries, patterns characterizing its occurrence, and hypothesized causes (whose identification can be controversial and difficult given the long historical run-up between causal agents and eventual ethnic hostilities). Genocide is also analysed as an international crime, together with the range of legal actions and Human Right Instruments presently addressing it. A major objective is to examine the causes of genocide and how genocide might be prevented. The class format includes lectures, discussion, team work, presentations, and audio-visual materials. The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology. Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

This course covers the concepts, the theory and the practice of international politics. The course analyses the main theoretical schools of international politics, the foreign policy players, and major conflicts. Current issues of war and peace will be discussed. Attention will be paid to the historical development of the international political system. Recent trends in globalization will be analysed. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course examines the theoretical debate about definitions and conceptualizations of ethnicity and identity with a political and historical perspective. Major scholarly interpretations of thinkers, schools of thought, and periods covered, are considered. Priority is given to conceptualization of different theories and their historical development. European nationalism, ethnonationalism, and related ideologies are also analyzed. The program covers the relationships between nation-states, national and transnational minorities, and issues of social integration. Migration, immigration, and emigration phenomena are studied in relation to national identity end ethnicity. Experiences of ethnic cleansing and genocidal politics are also covered. Within the political arena, the course analyzes “ethnopolitics” as it relates to the issues of religion, language, demography, and territory. Focusing on the “European cultural area”, the program covers a series of case studies of current and past realities, including the Jewish, Italian, Gypsy, and German, experiences. Critical thinking and comparative analysis will be applied to achieve a clear understanding of current cultural debates and social realities. 


Gallery


Description

The course examines the political systems in Western Europe and major political developments affecting Western Europe since 1945 through a comparative lens. Looking at historical legacies, political cultures, types of government, and party systems shaping the major Western European powers, students will gain an understanding of the constitutive features, and transnational developments, challenges and changes in Western European states. The class format includes lectures, discussion, teamwork, presentations, and audio-visual materials. The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology. Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

This course examines enduring and contemporary questions of security and insecurity in the international system. Security has traditionally been defined in terms of strategic state politics and the use of military force to counter external military threats. The end of the Cold War and the ensuing conflicts of the late-20th century raised questions about the continued relevance of traditional theories of security. New security threats have been defined both in the academic literature and by state security strategies. This course critically evaluates these developments using IR and security studies theories, supplemented by practical case-studies. Students investigate the definition of the term security and threats to security, questions about the referent object of security, the root causes of insecurity and the methods of eliminating or lessening such threats. The course evaluates traditional and contemporary security concepts such as national security, conventional weapons systems, nuclear non-proliferation, human security, responsibility to protect, the poverty-security nexus in a post-Westphalian context.
 
The course will feature the participation of Italian Carabinieri Police/Army Force, including anti-terrorist and security special units.  Specific areas will be covered with the approach of “experience education” including:  National Security, Investigation, Pubic Order, Public Health and Environment, Labor and Food Frauds, Cultural Heritage and Anti-Counterfeiting, and International Cooperation.


Gallery


Description

This course examines the political history of Europe in addition to its social and economic development. The course covers the period from the end of the Napoleonic era to the Congress of Berlin. Attention will be focussed on the history of ideas and ideologies including liberalism, nationalism, socialism, and the culture of Romanticism. Revolutions and national unification paths will be treated. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers political and social change in the recent history of Italy to the present, focussing on current political life and society. A general historical introduction is provided. Economic, social, and cultural aspects are treated. Political theories, political movements, and ideologies including Liberalism and Communism are covered. Nationalism and the Fascism era are analyzed. Investigation focuses on transitional phenomena, political players, and structural fundamentals. Italy is studied in the context of European Integration and the broader global scenario. Particular attention is dedicated to specific social issues including, corruption, political terrorism, and the Mafia. The Italian educational system, labour movement, and the “Made in Italy” business are treated. The Vatican, Catholic Church, and Freemasonry are analyzed. Identity and ethnicity are addressed including the issues of national identity, regionalism, separatism, and federalism. The program covers Italy as a multinational society analyzing ethnicity, immigration, and integration, with a special attention to the case of the Roma people. Major political and scholarly interpretations of the periods and topics covered will be considered. The class format includes lectures, discussion, teamwork, presentations, and audio-visual materials. The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology. Guest speakers and field trips are planned. 
 


Gallery


Description

This course will cover the evolution of international human rights and of the various national, regional and international mechanisms designed for their protection. It will examine the theoretical foundations of the idea of human rights in various civilizations and cultures, evaluate its legacy within western and non-western traditions, and examines its meaning and relevance in addressing major issues in the contemporary world.  The class principally draws on the theories and methodological approaches of the following disciplines: Sociology, International Law and International Relations.  The course analyzes the specific content and interpretation of today's internationally recognized human rights treaties and conventions. Emphasis is placed upon the human rights framework of the United Nations and on the role and significance of the Human Rights Council. Regional and non-governmental experiences to codify and enforce standards of human rights protection are also studied. The historical, cultural and ideological background of human rights are reviewed. 


Gallery


Description

The course provides a survey and analysis of political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of human rights; the problems and challenges of setting and upholding universal standards of respect for international human rights in contemporary world politics. Particular consideration will be given to the difficult tasks of defining and protecting universal principles of human rights, of considering the different cultural and theoretical approaches to these rights, and of creating effective methods of monitoring and enforcing human rights standards.  The historical, cultural and ideological background of human rights will be reviewed and the specific content and interpretation of today's internationally recognized human rights treaties and conventions will be closely analyzed. Emphasis, therefore, will be placed upon the human rights framework of the United Nations and on the role and significance of the recently created Human Rights Council. The more successful regional and non-governmental attempts to codify and enforce standards of human rights protection will also be studied, and to enhance your progress in this area you will enjoy the unique opportunity to meet and talk with guest speakers from Human Rights organizations in Rome.  This vigorous course offers a range of dynamic activities, from illustrated lectures, class discussions, your own collaborative presentations and personal portfolios to field trips, guest speakers, and film screenings, in order to develop the skills required to critically analyze the processes, concepts and cultural contexts of global human rights. Furthermore, in order to exploit and explore the new and ever-growing range of digital media adopted by international organizations to publicize and further their campaigns, you wll learn how to make extensive personal use of information and communication technology. 


Gallery


Description

The Modern World since 1550 surveys the foundation and expansion of the world from the sixteenth-century to the end of the twentieth century.  The course examines the breakthroughs in communication and cultural exchanges between Europe and Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East.  Emphasis is placed on the emergence of an interdependent global civilization.  This course fulfills the Historical Studies requirement in the Core Curriculum.  The organizing theme for this course is “Contact and Change.”  Our task is to explore how modern society emerged from increasingly global relations, even as this process was modified in different locations and time periods.  After a brief overview of the early origins of “globalization” we will review the major political, economic, and cultural changes over the past four centuries that have shaped our modern world.  While covering a large temporal and geographic range, the course will focus in particular on two questions:  what do we consider modern, and who benefits from modern change?  Major historical and scholarly interpretations of events, thinkers, and periods covered will be considered.


Gallery


Description

This course focuses on the most significant events that contributed to the formation of modern Italy, starting from the fascist era and post war Italy. Institutional developments and political parties, Red Brigades, church-state relations, the Southern Question and the role of mafia, immigration and the role of Italy within the EU will be analyzed. 


Gallery


Description

This course explores the history of the Italian Mafia from the national unification of Italy until the present day. Topics studied include relationships within the organization, those between the Mafia and Italian Politics, and those between the Italian and the American Mafia.  The course aims to analyse the Italian Mafia through different but closely related perspectives: political, historical and sociological. We study the history of the Mafia from the Unification of Italy until the present day. The focus is on the Mafia’s political and social history, leading to the story of the American Mafia to which it gave birth. We also discuss attempts to fight the Mafia and analyse the reasons for the successes and failures of the anti-Mafia struggle.


Gallery


Description

This course covers the development of political theory and the major political theorists from the classical times to the modern era. Attention is given to the various articulations of political thought including ethics, morals, society and state organization, the rule of law, and the science of politics.  The foundations for the formation of the modern nation state are analyzed.  The course covers major political thinkers including Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, and Marx.  Modern absolutism, Enlightenment, and Romanticism will be covered.  The concepts of natural rights, general will, and individualism will be studied. Ideologies are treated including Liberalism, Nationalism, Communism and their articulations.  Utopia, revolution, and the production of totalitarianism are the conclusive topics of the program.  Major political and scholarly interpretations of thinkers, schools of thought, and periods covered will be considered.  The class format includes lectures, discussion, team work, presentations, and audiovisual materials.  The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology.  Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

The course provides a survey and analysis of political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of human rights: the problems and challenges of setting and upholding universal standards of respect for international human rights in contemporary world politics. Particular consideration will be given to the difficult tasks of defining and protecting universal principles of human rights, of considering the different cultural and theoretical approaches to these rights, and of creating effective methods of monitoring and enforcing human rights standards.


Gallery


Description

The first part of this course covers the different concepts of comparative political analysis, while the second part compares and contrasts different political systems in a global context.  The course analyses political institutions, functions, and entities; discussing reasons, and methods.  Political culture, interest articulation, and political socialization are treated.  Emphasis will be placed on the issues of policymaking, government, elections, and political parties.  The course provides a comparative analysis of different states’ political systems, including United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia, and China.  The class format includes lectures, discussion, team work, presentations, and audiovisual materials.  The students will be asked to produce a final research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology.  Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

This course covers the history of international relations since 1945. The different periods of international competition will be analyzed in a global context. We will study the development of international competition from the time it was military and ideological in character to when it became primarily economic in nature. Phenomena like decolonization, local wars, political blocs, and developing societies, will be covered. The process of transition to a new, contemporary, era will be treated. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers nationalism, ethnicity, and integration in contemporary Europe, from the historical perspective.  An overview of European peoples is followed by the study of nationalism, ethnicity and ethnonationalism.  Transnational minorities and polyethnic states are examined.  Integration of ethnicities is treated in both Western and Eastern Europe.   Specific case studies are analyzed.  The class format includes lectures, discussion, team work, presentations, and audiovisual materials.  The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology.  Guest speakers and field trips are planned.


Gallery


Description

This course covers the history and politics of modern Russia and the Soviet Union. The various eras of Soviet history will be treated and analyzed. The Soviet system and its different elements will be studied: economic, social and cultural. The development of the system and then the different phases leading to its dissolution will be analyzed. The major trends in Soviet Communist ideology will be analyzed together with Stalinism. Sovietization of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Bloc will be examined. Major political and scholarly interpretations of the Soviet system will be considered. Specific case studies will be analyzed. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

Ethnopolitics has been crucial in shaping politics and societies in recent time. It is frequently at the heart of disputes of international importance. The course covers different forms of identity politics including ethnopolitics, ethnic cleansing, and genocide, as manifested in the 20th and 21st centuries. We consider the politics of identity within the historical perspective, and also set in the international context. The program covers the Jewish Holocaust, European ethnic cleansing, and genocide including the cases of Armenia, Balkans, Ukraine, the Roma, Cambodia, Rwanda, and the Darfur region. Other specific current case studies of genocide may be analyzed. Conceptualizations, theories, and the scholarly debate related to genocide as a political phenomenon are covered in a comparative way. Investigation of genocide across regions and time periods will be combined with the review of the debate about genocide’s definition, its development in these two centuries, patterns characterizing its occurrence, and hypothesized causes (whose identification can be controversial and difficult given the long historical run-up between causal agents and eventual ethnic hostilities). Genocide is also analyzed as an international crime, together with the range of legal actions and Human Right Instruments presently addressing it. A major objective is to examine the causes of genocide and how genocide might be prevented. The class format includes lectures, discussion, team work, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to produce a research project, making extensive personal use of information and communication technology. Guest speakers and field trips are planned. 


Gallery


Description

WORK IN PROGRESS


Gallery


Description

For more than two thousand years, Jews have lived in Rome making it the oldest Jewish community in Europe. Traces of Jewish heritage are entrenched throughout the city from the ancient settlement of Ostia Antica to the modern Great Synagogue on the banks of the Tiber. From the ruins of the historic Roman Ghetto to the contemporary districts where today’s vibrant 18,000 strong Jewish population lives. This course concentrates on the origins, history, and changing cultural conditions of Jewish life in Rome and on the particular characteristics of the Roman Jewish experience.  Attending many classes and discussions directly on site, you’ll visit the major monuments of historic and contemporary Jewish life in the city in order to retrace the birth and subsequent evolution of the community, its 400 years of Ghetto life, the emancipation of the late 19th century, the fascist racial laws of the 1930s, and the mass deportation under Nazi rule. We will probe and analyze the distinctive language, ethnicity, traditions and identity of this Romanim community, as it is known, and its complex relationship with its Christian neighbors, the Papacy and the Italian state.


Gallery


Description

This course examines the political history of Europe in addition to its social and economic development. The course covers the period from 1878 to 1945. Attention will be paid to the history of ideas and cultural development. Imperialism and the intellectual crisis of the late 1800s will be treated. Emphasis will be put on WWI, in particular Interbellum Europe, and WWII. Communist and Fascist regimes will be covered. Ethnic Nationalism and ethnopolitics will be addressed. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers the development of European History from the post-war era to the present. Historical development based on chronological structure will be studied together with economic, social, and political phenomena. Attention will be given to ideology, and ethnicity. The Cold War, Communist Europe, and the European Union will be studied. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

Course Description: This dynamic course provides you with a thoroughly interactive introduction to life and culture in modern Italy, exploring a range of contemporary themes that characterize and define this country & its people. Both in the classroom and out, you will learn by analyzing and evaluating your surroundings and broad social issues in politics, gender, class and religion, trends in fashion and culture, fast (& slow) food, and Italian values. You may apply your growing knowledge of this country to case studies of specific themes such as contraception, abortion, divorce, organized crime, tensions between north and south, and the Italian attitude to volunteering and civil society, to immigration, to humanitarian efforts, to the environment, or to international security.  You may employ a range of active, independent modes of engagement and research such as keeping a journal of your experiences or running in a city-wide 'treasure-hunt' project tracking down cultural "signs." To synthesize and communicate your discoveries about Italian culture, this class will collaborate on a collective writing project resulting in, for instance, a guidebook - in booklet or electronic form - devoted to an Italian destination and to be shared with family, friends, and future study-abroad students. This course is taught in Italian and you'll be encouraged to extend your language skills, and to explore your host society. 


Gallery


Description

This course aims to analyze the Italian mafia through two different and strictly related perspectives: one political and historical, and the other one sociological. We will study the history of the Mafia since the Italian national unity till today.  Mafia‖ is one of a long list of words – like ―pizza‖, ―spaghetti‖ and ―opera‖ – that Italian has given to many other languages across the world. It is commonly applied to criminals far beyond Sicily and the United States, which are the places where the mafia in the strict sense is based. ―Mafia‖ has become an umbrella label for whole world panoply of gangs – Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Chechen, Albanian, Turkish, and so on – that have little or nothing to do with the Sicilian original.  This course is a social history of the mafia in Sicily. Some of the most famous American Mafiosi, men like Lucky Luciano and Al Capone, also will be taken into consideration because the history of the Sicilian mafia cannot be understood without telling the story of the American mafia to which it gave birth. It is only when viewed from the coast of a small, triangular island in the Mediterranean that the history of the mafia in the USA, at least in early stages, can egin to make sense.  However, the history of the mafia cannot just be about the mafia, about the deeds of men of honor. Before Falcone and Borsellino, many other people died fighting the mafia. Some of them are characters in the drama. The mafia’s story also embraces the people who, for an assortment of motives ranging from rational fear, through political cynicism, to downright complicity, have favored the organization’s cause.  You will be guided to critically analyze the material discussed in class and the assigned readings. The history of the Italian mafia, both if analyzed from a micro or macro perspective, presents social, historical and cultural dynamics that are related and need to be understood deeply. It is therefore fundamental that you reflect on these aspects and become able to connect all the information learned, and analyze it with a critical perspective. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers political change in the modern history of Italy to the present. A historical introduction will be provided. Economic, social, and cultural aspects will be treated. The history of political theories, political movements, and ideologies will be covered. Fascism and the post-Fascist era will be analyzed. Investigation will focus on transitional phenomena and elements. Particular attention will be dedicated to contemporary Italy. Major political and scholarly interpretations of the periods and topics covered will be considered. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

This course covers Italian history from the Congress of Vienna to World War I. The development of Risorgimento and the creation of the new Kingdom will be studied. Main emphasis will be on political movements: liberalism, nationalism and socialism. The history of Italian economy and society will be treated, including the history of culture and ideas. The class format will include lectures, discussion, presentations, and audiovisual materials. The students will be asked to do a small research project, utilizing information technology. 


Gallery


Description

The course is an active program of learning, acquaintance, and experiencing the Italian culture, language, and realities. This is a course tailored for professional graduate students coming from abroad to Italy for the first time. Italian language skills are reviewed and optimized. A general coverage of Italian culture is accompanied by the treatment of specific economic and professional issues. The students are driven to have a “hands on” approach to a personal experience of Italy. Class format includes lectures, discussion, presentations, and field trips. 


Gallery


Description

This dynamic course provides you with a thoroughly interactive introduction to life and culture in Italy, exploring a range of issues that characterize the country and its people. Our emphasis will be on helping you reach informed opinions about many traits of Italian culture and society, as well as understand some aspects in greater depth. Many site excursions are planned, in addition to field research, carried out individually or in groups.  The city of Rome – its public buildings, squares, churches, university and schools, its markets, it‟s artisans‟ shops, its boutiques, restaurants, and coffee shops, its sports-venues, etc. – these will be your primary research site. You will be challenged to develop presentations by which to communicate your findings to the rest of the class.  This course will introduce you to an overview of specific events, trends, and phenomena which have shaped contemporary Italy. Information and analysis will be provided on such topics as localism/regionalism, language, social and political cultures, the Church, gender issues, organized crime, deviance, cinema, mass media, and global trends.  Students will be thoroughly exposed to their host city, Rome, through outings to relevant sites like markets, places of religious worship, and immigrant communities. An important part of your learning will consist in documenting your knowledge and discussing your experiences with other students on a course blog, engaging in and presenting your own field research through conducting surveys and polls, participating actively in student-led discussions and debates, and sharing your own experiences while traveling throughout Italy. Guest speakers will provide personal views of life in Italy and Rome. You'll also attend film screenings which will illustrate key social, economic, and political issues in the development of postwar Italy. The course also comprises a trip to Siena (to experience firsthand the Contrada) and a special class visit to a prison in the Tuscan city of Volterra to discuss the issues of Law and Order in Italy. 


Gallery


Description

The history of Italian cinema and Italian society as represented in film. Post-war Italian cinema offers a valuable range of films to study. Italian cinema within the context of world cinema to gain an understanding of realism as an aesthetic convention as well as insight into Italian culture and ways of thinking.  The main focus of the course will be on the most significant phases of Italian cinema in connection with the historical and social context of the country. From the early age of cinema until the contemporary period, the course will explore a changing Italian society as it appears filtered through the cinematic eye. Analyzing the works of De Sica, Rossellini, Fellini, Antonioni, together with the films of less known directors, it will be possible to see the peculiar style of Italian cinema, its identity and its relation with the international industry of entertainment. In addition, the course will introduce interesting aspects of Italian culture, such as the concept of family or the importance of beauty. Comedies and dramas will be the instruments for talking about the role of women or love in the society. 


Gallery


Description

This course provides you with a comprehensive survey of politics and political change in modern Italy, and will greatly help you develop your skills in critical thinking and comparative analysis. Employing a variety of lectures, site visits, classroom discussions, debates, guest lectures and your own independent research projects, you'll learn about the political theories, movements and events that have affected the course of this nation's development. Fascism, the reconstruction of Italy after the war, the implications of the cold war for the shape of domestic politics, the shifting structure of modern Italian political movements, the party system, and the political ideologies and theories all continue to shape change. An additional, comparative function of this course will be a correlation of political institutions in Europe and those in the United States, urging you to reflect upon your own political environment.  To bring these topics alive in both an animated and constructive fashion, and to provide you with the skills in the areas of collaborative learning, oral debate and presentation, you will be holding simulated debates on social issues, and making independent and team presentations with audiovisual and electronic materials. We will also be viewing selected movies during the course, analyzing the viewpoints of Italian film-makers as social commentators.  To complement your learning we will be using the city of Rome, the nation's political capital, as a constant resource to observe and analyze Italian politics in real life situations, including visits to the chambers of the Italian Parliament and Senate, and we will hear presentations delivered by guest speakers from the Italian political scene. 


Gallery


Art for Friends


Art for Friends


Art for Friends

Adm
Menu Biography Courses Students Guest Speakers Conferences Consulting Photo Publications Teaching & Research Education Field Trips Library & Archives Links Gallery Art for Friends Contact Field TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsField TripsCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesCoursesArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For FriendsArt For Friends